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psalms quoted by jesus

9. As well, the apostles Paul and John record a number of new, distinctly Christian psalms exalting the Lord Jesus Christ (Philippians 2:6-11 and Revelation 4-5, 7, 11, 12, 15, 16, and 19). This should be enough for us to know that this psalm was speaking about the Christ. as the last words spoken by Jesus from the cross.Why should Jesus have thought himself as separated from God at the very moment when, according to Christian theology, he was fulfilling God's plan? table. For when he wishes to show Jesus’ superiority over the angels, he quotes Ps 2:7 directly: “For to which of the angels did God ever say, ‘You are my Son; today I have begotten you’?” (Heb 1:5). Clearly, the apostles and prophets saw this messianic psalm as highly significant for their understanding of Jesus. For You will not abandon my soul to Sheol, or let your holy one see corruption” (vv. 21:42; see also Mark 12:10; Luke 20:17; Acts 4:11; 1 Peter 2:7). 23:1), was here speaking as a prophet, having foreseen the resurrection of Christ, who was the fruit of his body (Acts 2:25–31). 27:46). Throughout the centuries, the psalms of David remained especially dear to the hearts of the Church. 8. Why Did Satan Cite the Psalms. Copyright © 2021 The Gospel Coalition, INC. All Rights Reserved. The Psalms are quoted by Jesus Himself more than any other Old Testament book, even the book of Isaiah! The psalm speaks about the nations conspiring and the people plotting vain things, and about kings and rulers gathering together against the Lord and his anointed. 22:21; see also Ps. In fact, Psalm 118 is the second most-quoted psalm in the New Testament (thirteen citations). They have been organized by the three divisions of the Old Testament: Torah (Five Books of Moses), Prophets (or Neviim), and Writings (or Ketuvim). 22–23). We also learn in Hebrews that, as our High Priest who ministers in the heavenly realities on our behalf, Jesus Christ has become the worship leader of the church, the One who leads the praise of the redeemed in the words of Psalm 22:22: “I will tell of your name to my brothers; in the midst of the congregation I will sing your praise” (Heb. 9–10). Wisdom 2:12–20 We need to reflect on these words and the whole psalm as they relate to Christ and to all His people in order to understand them fully. The second most quoted Psalm is Psalm 69. These Psalms present the person and work of Jesus Christ … That He meditated often on the Psalms, and upon what they spoke concerning Himself, is evident in how Jesus summarized His suffering and exaltation with the lines of Psalm 118:22: “The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone” (Matt. But that’s not all. Fix that problem! In the upper room, when he declared his betrayer was the “one who is dipping bread into the dish with me,” adding that the Son of Man “goes as it is written of him” (Mark 14:20–21), Jesus likely had Psalm 41 in mind, verse 9 of which paints more fully the pangs of his soul: “Even my close friend in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, has lifted his heel against me.” (Peter, in Acts 1:15–20, would urge replacing Judas as an apostle on the authority of what “is written in the Book of Psalms,” specifically Psalms 69:25 and 109:8.) The book of Hebrews, for example, is woven together by psalms, showing us that Jesus is the “son of man” of Psalm 8 who was made “for a little while lower than the angels” through the incarnation but now has been crowned “with glory and honor” through his resurrection and ascension (Heb. The Gospel Coalition supports the church by providing resources that are trusted and timely, winsome and wise, and centered on the gospel of Jesus Christ. Out of all the verses in the Hebrew Bible, the most frequently quoted in the New Testament is Psalm 110:1. Psalm 22 stands out among the Psalms in its depiction of the psalmist’s agony and suffering. This probing question was but the application of what Jesus … That much of the Psalms concerns “the Christ” was (and is) commonly accepted; the New Testament’s glorious proclamation is that Jesus is this Christ, the long-expected “Anointed One” of whom these Scriptures speak. Then Peter immediately moves to Psalm 110 (which is, in fact, the most quoted and alluded to psalm in the New Testament) to demonstrate the ascension and coronation of Jesus: “The LORD said to my Lord: ‘Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.’” Therefore, Peter deduces and declares, let all Israel know assuredly that God has made Jesus both Lord and Christ (Acts 2:34–36). In the upper room, when He declared His betrayer was the “one who is dipping bread into the dish with me,” adding that the Son of Man “goes as it is written of him” (Mark 14:20–21), Jesus likely had Psalm 41 in mind, verse 9 of which paints more fully the pangs of His soul: “Even my close friend in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, has lifted his heel against me.” (Peter, in Acts 1:15–20, would urge replacing Judas as an apostle on the authority of what “is written in the Book of Psalms,” specifically Psalms 69:25 and 109:8.) 10. about Jesus Christ taken from the book of Psalms. In their prayer, they quoted Psalm 2:1-2 and applied it as a prophecy of what had happened to Jesus Christ. David’s flesh, after all, had seen corruption and was still in the grave; thus, Peter reasons, the Scriptures, which cannot fail, must have spoken “about the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption” (Acts 2:31; see also Acts 13:35–36). 4:6) and Jesus, upon the cross of agony, sifting His suffering through the sieve of Psalm 22: “My God, my God, why have You forsaken me?” (Matt. The Book of Psalms is quoted in the New Testament more than any other book in Old Testament. Out of all the verses in the Hebrew Bible, the most frequently quoted in the New Testament is Psalm 110:1. Another psalm utilized often in the New Testament is Psalm 2, particularly verses 7–8: “The Lord said to me, ‘You are my Son; today I have begotten you. “The Lord is your shepherd; don’t ever say “I am lost”. When Jesus expressed his anguish on the cross with the words of Psalm 22, he highlighted one of the precious facets of the Psalms in general, namely, that as songs they uniquely convey the inward depths of the soul, and especially of Christ’s soul. It is the book of the Bible that he quotes … to the. Affiliate disclosure: As an Amazon Associate, we may earn commissions from qualifying purchases on Amazon.com. When Jesus expressed His anguish on the cross with the words of Psalm 22, He highlighted one of the precious facets of the Psalms in general, namely, that as songs they uniquely convey the inward depths of the soul, and especially of Christ’s soul. 10:34 Psalm 82:6 13:18 Psalm 41:9 15:25 Psalm 35:19. Later, as He suffered to the end upon the cross, Christ quoted another psalm (after Psalm 22), praying to the Father with His last breath the words of Psalm 31:5 — “Into your hands I commit my spirit” (Luke 23:46). Thus, the New Testament continually uses the book of Psalms to fix our gaze upon the excellencies of Christ, upon the majesty, beauty, and glory of the One who through His humiliation and exaltation reigns over the nations, leading them to the heavenly Mount Zion so that, lost in wonder, love, and praise, they may proclaim eternally the glory of the triune God. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback Indeed, there is every reason to assume that Jesus would have sung all the psalms, constantly, throughout his life, so that he knew them by heart. This psalm opens a window both into His grief — “I am repulsive to those who know me … I hear the slander of many” — and into His confident trust in the character and promises of God — “My times are in Your hand.” It is even possible that, as He committed His spirit to the Father, Jesus was also comforted by the words of Psalm 16 regarding His body: “My flesh also dwells secure. The second theme which Christians re-read into the psalms was Jesus’ passion. This praise is the everlasting response to Christ’s resurrection, that is, to his prayer cried out from the cross of agony, for “you have answered me” (Ps. Dr. Michael Morales is professor of biblical studies at Greenville Presbyterian Theological Seminary and a teaching elder in the PCA. The Messiah will call God His Father (Psalm 89:26; Matthew 11:27). Satan chooses to cite from Psalm 91. With Matthew 21 young children speak wisely against the skepticism of the religious leaders. tables and indices. L. Michael Morales is assistant professor of Old Testament and great works at Ligonier Academy of Biblical and Theological Studies. The day that the psalm is rejoicing in and being glad over is, prophetically speaking, the resurrection of Jesus Christ: “The stone the builders rejected has become the capstone; the Lord has done this, and it is marvelous in our eyes” (vv. Verse 4 of the same psalm gets almost an entire chapter’s worth of commentary (Heb. There are over 100 quotations or references in the N.T. 5:5–6; 7:1–28). A psalm of praise for the salvation of his people. Exodus the burning bush incident when explaining the resurrection ( Ex 3:6, 15, Matt 22:32, Mark 12:26, Luke 20:37 ). 27:46). I cried aloud to the Lord, and he answered me from his holy hill. Ask of me, and I will make the nations your  heritage.’” The apostles consistently affirm the resurrection as this “begetting” of Christ in the sense that as God raised him up from the dead, giving him “birth” into new creation glory, the Father was powerfully declaring Jesus Christ—not merely his eternal Son but the incarnate Messiah—to be his Son and reigning King (see Acts 13:30–34). - Psalm 3:3-4. The book of Hebrews, for example, is woven together by psalms, showing us that Jesus is the “son of man” of Psalm 8 who was made “for a little while lower than the angels” through the incarnation but now has been crowned “with glory and honor” through His resurrection and ascension (Heb. 1 Not to us, LORD, not to us but to your name be the glory, because of your love and faithfulness. 2:8). In John’s account of the crucifixion, we are taken from the narrated outward act of the soldiers casting lots for Christ’s tunic to Psalm 22:18 and the inward emotions of the Man of Sorrows Himself: “They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots” (John 19:24). Then Peter immediately moves to Psalm 110 (which is, in fact, the most quoted and alluded to psalm in the New Testament) to demonstrate the ascension and coronation of Jesus: “The Lord said to my Lord: ‘Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.’” Therefore, Peter deduces and declares, let all Israel know assuredly that God has made Jesus both Lord and Christ (Acts 2:34–36). The writer of Hebrews quotes Psalm 22:22 in Hebrews 2:12 and applies to the sufferings of Christ. It is in this context that Charles James Butler sees Psalm 41 as quoted by Jesus in John 13:18 as also messianic. 1 22:21; see also Ps. “What do you think of the Christ?” In guiding the Jerusalem leaders to contemplate this question of eternal weight, Jesus turned to the authority of what is written “in the book of Psalms,” specifically Psalm 110 (Matt 22:41–46; Mark 12:35–37; Luke 20:40– 44), and asked a question childlike in both simplicity and profundity, the answer to which plunges one into the unfathomable wonder of the incarnation of God: How could David refer to his son as Lord? And so we read of Peter, who, after quoting two psalms, declared to the crowds gathered in Jerusalem for Pentecost: “God has made this Jesus whom you crucified both Lord and Christ” (Acts 2:36). This praise is the everlasting response to Christ’s resurrection, that is, to His prayer cried out from the cross of agony, for “you have answered me” (Ps. So let’s take a look at Psalm 69 together and see what we learn about our Savior Jesus. This probing question was but the application of what Jesus would later declare, that He Himself is the object of all the Scriptures of the Old Testament, summarizing their threefold division in Luke 24:44 as “the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms,” with the Psalms standing as the summary representative of the Writings. Jesus said the Psalms were about him (Luke 24:44), and Psalm 110 was one the apostles returned to time and again to show forth Jesus’ work. Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me. on. 5:5), which he establishes by repeated references to Psalm 110:4: “You are a priest forever, after the order of Melchizedek” (Heb. The apostles even interpret their persecution in light of the “raging of the nations” against Christ, the appointed King, as described in Psalm 2:1–2 (Acts 4:25–28), and Christ himself, when he commands the apostles to disciple the nations in the Great Commission (Matt 28:18–20), is but claiming the post-resurrection promise of God to the King he has installed in Zion: “Ask of me and I will make the nations your heritage” (Ps. We also learn in Hebrews that, as our High Priest who ministers in the heavenly realities on our behalf, Jesus Christ has become the worship leader of the church, the One who leads the praise of the redeemed in the words of Psalm 22:22: “I will tell of your name to my brothers; in the midst of the congregation I will sing your praise” (Heb. 118:21–22). commentary. In John 10:22-39 Jesus claims to be God. Whataboutism is a convenient, lazy, and destructive rhetorical tactic that shrinks Christian faith to the narrow confines of tribalism’s partisan aims. The Psalms also give us insight into the great exaltation of Christ, an exaltation that begins with the resurrection, is followed by the ascension, and culminates in the coronation, so that, as King of kings, only Savior, and ultimate Judge, he reigns over all the nations. The mission, passion and purpose of Ligonier Ministries is to proclaim the holiness of God The Messiah will be God’s only “begotten” Son (Psalm 89:27; Mark 16:6; Colossians 1:18; Revelation 1:5). Returning to that first sermon at Pentecost, Peter quotes four verses from Psalm 16, insisting that David, the “sweet psalmist of Israel” (2 Sam. Indeed, much of the New Testament’s teaching on Christ’s continued work as our Prophet, Priest, and King in His state of exaltation is founded firmly upon the book of Psalms. 7:11–28). 2:12). Not only do the Psalms help shape our response to God in the trials and joys of life, then, but they also reveal to us something of the inner life of Jesus Christ, glimpses we do not have through the Gospels alone. Matthew’s gospel unveils the Psalms as key to Jesus’ own self-understanding, Satan quoting Psalm 91 to Him in the wilderness (Matt. 5:5–6; 7:1–28). The apostles even interpret their persecution in light of the “raging of the nations” against Christ, the appointed King, as described in Psalm 2:1–2 (Acts 4:25–28), and Christ Himself, when He commands the apostles to disciple the nations in the Great Commission (Matt. Jan 8, 2021 - Explore Caro Silali 's board `` Psalm 91 on. ), the devil tempts Jesus in John 13:18 as also messianic the Ligonier Ministries requires., Bible quotes, christian quotes but to your name be the Son of God Psalm., 2021 - Explore Caro Silali 's board `` Psalm 91 was universally! To Sheol, or let your holy one see corruption ” ( vv almost an entire chapter ’ s Christology... To his forgiving nature many cases these passages find their ultimate fulfillment Christ! Our Savior Seminary and a teaching elder in the New Testament ( thirteen citations.! Passover Psalm probably recited by Jesus Himself more than any other book in Old Testament on. The most frequently quoted in the New Testament ( thirteen citations ) christian quotes his unto. In many cases these passages find their ultimate fulfillment in Christ Jesus our Savior was speaking for of. 15:25 Psalm 35:19 to join him in the wilderness Butler sees Psalm 41 as quoted by Jesus the night his! Anyone who does not agree that Jesus is God ought to be sure, drew heavily from the was! 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